A trial project by the Montreal Children's Hospital suggested that

更新时间:2021-06-15作者:艺网龙教育网

A trial project by the Montreal Children's Hospital suggested that the use of medical hypnosis(催眠)can reduce pain and anxiety in patients. The project also resulted in a reduction in the amount of medicines used to perform medical-imaging imaging(医学影像) procedures.

“During the examination children don't move. It works perfectly. It's amazing,“ said Johanne  L'Ecuyer, a medical-imaging technologist at the hospital.

The project was inspired by a French team from Rouen University Hospital Centre where examinations are done under hypnosis instead of general anesthesia(麻醉).

A French medical-imaging technologist-also a hypnotist — was invited to train a few members in the medical-imaging department of the children's hospital. In all, 80 examinations were conducted for the project between January and September, 2019, focusing on the imaging procedures that would cause anxiety.

Hypnosis is not a state of sleep: It is rather a modified(改变的)state of consciousness. The technologist will guide the patient to this modified state—an imaginary world that will disassociate itself more and more from the procedure that follows.

“The technologist must build up a story with the patient," Ms. L'Ecuyer said. "The patient is left with the power to choose what he wants to talk about. Do you play sports? Do you like going to the beach? We establish a subject that we will discuss throughout the procedure."

Everything that happens next during the procedure must be related to this story — an injection (注射)becomes the bite of an insect; the heat on the skin becomes the sensation of the sun and a machine that rings becomes a police car passing nearby.

“The important thing is that the technologist associates what is happening outside the patient's body with what the patient sees in his head," Ms. L'Ecuyer said. "It requires creativity on the part of the technologist, imagination, a lot of patience and kindness."

The procedure appealed to the staff a lot when it was introduced in January. It spread like wildfire that someone from France was here to train the technologists,"  Ms. L'Ecuyer said. She added that she had a line of staff at her door wanting to take the training.

45. One of the results produced by the trial project is ________ .

A. a better understanding of children

B. less use of certain medicines

C. new medical-imaging technology

D. an improved reputation of the hospital

46. The French technologist came to the children's hospital to ________.

A. assist in treating a patient

B. carry out hypnosis training

C. start up a new department

D. learn about the procedure

47. According to Paragraph 5, hypnosis works by ________.

A. creating a perfect world for patients

B. forcing patients into a state of deep sleep

C. putting patients into an unconscious state

D. leading patients' consciousness away from reality

48. What can we learn about the story used in the procedure?

A. It should keep pace with the procedure.

B. It reflects the patient's creativity.

C. It is selected by the technologist.

D. It tells what doctors are doing to the patient.

49. The procedure was received among the staff with ________.

A. uncertainty

B. enthusiasm

C. worry

D. criticism

50. What is the passage mainly about?

A. An easy way to communicate with patients.

B. The standard method of conducting hypnosis.

C. An introduction of medical-imaging technology.

D. The use of hypnosis in medical-imaging procedures.

【答案解析】

45. B    46. B    47. D    48. A    49. B    50. D

【分析】本文是一篇说明文。文章主要讲述了蒙特利尔儿童医院的一个试验项目表明催眠技术的使用可以减轻病人的痛苦和焦虑。一位法国医学影像技术专家——也是一位催眠师被邀请到儿童医院的医学影像部门培训几位员工。

【45题详解】

细节理解题。根据第一段“The project also resulted in a reduction in the amount of medicines used to perform medical-imaging(医学影像)procedures.”(该项目还导致用于医学影像程序的药品数量减少。)可知,实验的结果之一就是减少某些药物的使用。故选B。

【46题详解】

细节理解题。根据第三段“A French medical-imaging technologist--also a hypnotist -- was invited to train a few members in the medical-imaging department of the children's hospital.”(一位法国医学影像技术专家——也是一位催眠师被邀请到儿童医院的医学影像部门培训几位员工)可知,法国技术专家来儿童医院是做催眠培训来的。故选B。

【47题详解】

细节理解题。根据第五段第一句“Hypnosis is not a state of sleep: It is rather a modified (改变的)state of consciousness. The technologist will guide the patient to this modified state—an imaginary world that will disassociate itself more and more from the procedure that follows.”(催眠状态不是一种睡眠的状态:而是一种被改变的意识状态。技术专家会引导病人进入这种改变的状态——一个想象中的世界,它会越来越脱离接下来的程序)可知,催眠是引导病人的意识远离现实,进入一个想象中的世界。故选D。

【48题详解】

推理判断题。根据倒数第三段“Everything that happens next during the procedure must be related to this story”(催眠过程中接下来发生的一切都必须和这个故事有关)以及倒数第二段“The important thing is that the technologist associates what is happening outside the patient's body with what the patient sees in his head”(重要的是技术专家把病人身体外发生的事情和他在大脑里看到的联系起来)可知,故事必须跟整个催眠过程同步。故选A。

【49题详解】

细节理解题。根据倒数第一段“The procedure appealed to the staff a lot when it was introduced in January.”(这个程序在一月份开始引进的时候,吸引了很多员工)以及最后一句“She added that she had a line of staff at her door wanting to take the training.”(她补充说,有一队员工在她门口等着接受培训)可知,这个催眠程序受到了员工的欢迎。A. uncertainty 不确定;B. enthusiasm 热情;C. worry 担心;D. criticism 批评。故选B。

【50题详解】

主旨大意题。根据文章第一段“A trial project by the Montreal Children's Hospital suggested that the use of medical hypnosis(催眠)can reduce pain and anxiety in patients. The project also resulted in a reduction in the amount of medicines used to perform medical-imaging imaging(医学影像) procedures.”(蒙特利尔儿童医院的一个试验项目表明催眠技术的使用可以减轻病人的痛苦和焦虑。一位法国医学影像技术专家——也是一位催眠师被邀请到儿童医院的医学影像部门培训几位员工)可知,全文主要讲述催眠技术在医学影像程序中的应用。故选D。


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